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  • [原创]主谓一致
  • 作者: wendy时间: 2014/6/14 11:17:00分类: 无分类
  • 主谓一致

    顺口溜

    单单复复最常见,集体名词谓用单。

    如若强调其成员, 复数谓语记心间。

    有些名词谓常复,people, police, cattle即这般。1

    主语单数后接介,谓语单数介无关。2

    or, nor, but also, there be, 近主原则挂嘴边。3

    不定式短语、动词-ing谓全单,主语从句较特别。4

    时间、货币与距离,谓语多单复少见。5

    all/half of等, of之宾语定答案。6

    还有分数、百分数,仍据of 之宾定单、复。7

    and连接两名词,身兼两职一定冠,两件(种)事(物)系一概念。8

    no, each, many a, every 后接两单名,

    以上情况请记清,谓语全都用单数。9

    “the+形容词”表一类人,谓语需要用复数。10

    顺口溜解释

    1. 集合名词 group, family, class等作主语时,如果强调整体,谓语动词用单数形式,如果强调个体,谓语动词用复数形式。但people, police, cattle作主语,谓语动词常用复数形式。如:

    Class One is likely to win.

    Class One were all there when the door opened.

    The police are looking for the lost child.

    2. 主语为单数且后跟as well as, with, along with, together with, but, like, except等介词(短语)时,谓语动词用单数。如:

    Kelly as well as the other students has learned how to type.

    3.由or, either---or, nor, neither--- nor, not only--- but also, not-- but等连接的并列成分作主语时,通常按照就近原则,即谓语通常要与靠近它的主语一致。there be 后面接并列名词时,be应与最邻近的名词在数上保持一致。如:

    Either you or I am to go there.

    There is a desk, a table and three chairs in the room.

    4.不定式短语、动词-ing形式(短语)作主语时,谓语一般用单数。主语从句作主语时,谓语一般用单数,但 what 和which 引导的主语从句后的谓语动词或系动词要与其宾语或表语的数一致。如:

    Collecting stamps is my favourite hobby.

    whether we'll go camping tomorrow hasn't been decided.

    What mother bought are some books.

    5 表示时间、距离、金钱、重量、度量、容量、温度等的复数名词作主语,通常看作一个整体,谓语用单数形式。如:

    Twenty years has passed since we left school.

    Ten thousand dollars is a lot of money.

    6."all/half of +名词”作主语,谓语的单复数由 of之后的名词的单复数来决定。如:

    Half of my friends live in this city.

    All of the money has been used up.

    7 “分数/百分数+of +名词”作主语时,谓语的单复数由of之后的名词的单复数而定。如:

    Two fifths of the money was used to buy their food or drinks.

    Twenty percent of the students in that school come from America.

    8 当and连接两个在意义上表示同一人、物或概念的单数名词或构成一个整体事物的两个名词时,谓语用单数。如:

    A singer and dancer was present at the party today.

    War and peace is  a constant theme in history.

    9.两个并列的名词由 no , each, many a, every等修饰时,谓语用单数。如:

    Many a student and girl in the class has been to Beijing.

    No sound and no voice is heard.

    10.“ the+形容词”表示某一类人作主语时,谓语用复数形式。如:

    The rich are not always happy though they have much money.

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